Types of Roofs

The roof is the upper part of a building (building, house, hut, etc.), which has the function of covering and closing the various rooms of a building (e.g. bedrooms, bathrooms, kitchen, etc.), i.e. it is the essential part of the building, since it fulfils the function of covering the rooms, protecting the interiors of the building, the climate and the environment, being the part that is most exposed to the elements, such as rain or sun, for the longest time, avoiding the entry of the elements into the interior, Roofing Company Miami.

 

These are constructed of different materials, depending on the type of construction being treated, the climate of the region, and the disposition of this or that material. Roofs can have different shapes, depending on the design or architecture of the house or building, which is usually influenced by the local climate, or by the economic disposition to get the materials.

 

From the earliest times when humans still lived in nomadism, shelters have been needed for climate protection, and at first the first shelters had makeshift roofs of branches, leaves and mud, which were accommodated, evolving later, thanks to the use of other materials such as furs or fabrics (as in the tipies of the North American Indians, the tents of the Mongols and the tents of the desert villages, where the roof of the tent was made, weaving or sewing, the skin or the fabric.

 

In the case of the primitive constructions, made with materials such as adobe, or branches with mud, the first roofs consisted of branches, straw and mud, sometimes supported by the use of wooden beams.

 

Roof of worn tiles

There are several materials with which roofs are built. In the photo a roof (clay tiles joined by pitch, chapopote or other material to join them).

 

The roofs can be classified according to the material that is used for it, or for the form that these possess. It should be noted that the roofs of many buildings are usually ornamented (as in the case of temples, churches, palaces and mansions).

 

Types of roofs according to the material from which they are made:

 

Roofs of branches and leaves – This is one of the types that have been used since archaic times, for the protection of dwellings or shelters, using materials found in nature, such as branches and leaves. They were used for millennia, and even today several aboriginal peoples of America (Amazonia, and Africa), still use this type of temporary protection against the climate.

 

Straw Roofs – These are those that are made using straw and vegetable fibers, either by simply placing them on top of a “soul” or wooden support (or even branches), placing stones to hold the straw (placing them on top), or where appropriate, using mud and straw (roofs of mud and straw). These are those that predominated in the huts of ancient villages, before the use of bricks and other construction methods and materials, especially in the low social sectors, which could not get other materials.

 

Wooden Roofs – These are the roofs made with this material. Being one of the most abundant and available materials, it has been used for the construction of the houses, during centuries, being that the roofs are realized in this material. Traditionally they have been perpetuated, so much for traditional houses as the cabins, or the houses “American type”, the houses German type and country type.

 

Wooden roof

Wooden ceiling from the inside (without coverings).

 

Leather Roofs – These are the “roofs” of the tents made by primitive peoples in lithic times, mainly nomadic steppe peoples, a type of dwelling that has lasted in some villages until recent times, which, as a tradition, still make buildings (“tents”) of this kind. Like the tipis of the American peoples, and the yurts of the Mongols.

 

Stone or masonry ceilings – These are those that are made of stone (masonry), being supported by wooden beams and recently by metal beams.

 

Tar and engraved ceilings – These are in themselves coatings for wooden ceilings and even straw, this in order to waterproof the roof, preventing the entry of moisture and creating at the same time a thermal insulator, which avoids sudden changes in temperature and isolates the cold.

 

Fabric Roofs – These are those that are usually used in tents such as those already mentioned yurts, as well as in tents, such as those that are usually used in cases of emergency. For this purpose, fabrics such as canvas and others are used, being supported by beams or wooden cladding or tubular metal structures.

 

Roofing tiles or roofs – These are those that are made using clay tiles, which are superimposed to cover the running surfaces.