Falls are the most frequent accidents in the roofing industry, causing serious injury and death. Working on a flat roof or at a steep angle can be problematic because of the height and steep angles.
Roof workers should become familiar with the dangers inherent in working on different types of roofs, use the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), and use the appropriate fall protection.
Roof workers need training in all the specific hazards of roofing installation. Roof surfaces can be wet or slippery, and leaf and sawdust residues can also create slip hazards. Additional materials and tools can also fall on workers below, so be sure to keep work areas clean. Don’t forget to cover or place guards around skylights and holes or openings in the roof and avoid working in storm conditions and high winds.
Wear sturdy work boots with heel and good traction on the sole.
Always wear gloves, safety glasses and a safety helmet.
Wear long pants and long sleeves to protect against the elements.
Consider knee pads for protection when working on your knees.
Place ladders on stable surfaces and fix them to the ceiling for easy and safe access.
Use a ladder of adequate capacity and size for the job and always practice proper ladder safety techniques.
Although these are general safety guidelines for roofing work, roof pitch and type of roofing material impose additional safety measures needed.
Roof coverings in single-family units, with slopes from 0:12 to 4:12
For slopes from 0:12 to 4:12 with heights greater than 20 feet or when using inverted draught machinery such as felt installers (regardless of height):
Install warning lines with flags, with a minimum tensile strength of 500 pounds, placed between 34 and 45 inches above the roof surface to warn workers about the edge of the roof.
When possible, place stacks of sheets of roofing material or other materials parallel to the edge of the roof.
Place warning lines and stacks no less than 5 feet from the edge of the roof.
Connect material handling and storage areas to the work area using a clear path using two warning lines.
When using a felt paper installation machine or other equipment pulled by an operator walking backwards or motorized equipment on which the operator is mounted:
Stacks should not be placed within 10 feet of roof edges and warning lines within 5 feet of roof edges.
When conditions prohibit the use of stacks, warning lines shall be placed not less than 10 feet from roof edges that are perpendicular to the direction in which the operator is traveling.
Roof coverings on single-family units with slopes > 4:12
On single-unit (monolithic) roof decks with an inclination or slope greater than 4:12, workers require fall protection at heights greater than 20 feet by means of one or more of the following options:
Parapets 24 inches or larger Standard railings
Individual fall protection Eave barriers
Platforms against falls Footboards (toeboards)
If workers use motorized equipment that is designed for roofs with slopes greater than 4:12 and there is a 36-inch parapet parallel to the direction of travel of the equipment, these safety measures are not necessary.
For slopes greater than 7:12, the use of fall protection equipment with Roof jacks is mandatory.
NEW RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION TYPE SERIES PRODUCTION
In the construction of new series-production residential roofs with slopes or inclines from 3:12 to 7:12 and eave heights greater than 15 feet, protection must include one or more of the following:
Individual fall protection Standard handrails and toeboards
Fall arrest platforms Roof support bracket systems (Roof jacks)
Scaffold platforms Eaves barriers
Use a system of ceiling brackets or parapets 24 inches in height for ceilings over 20 feet in height.
What are the best residential roofing products for you?
You need a roof for your home, whether it’s a new roof or an existing roof that needs to be replaced. The million-dollar question is: Of all the roofing products available, which should I choose?
In some cases, the decision is not up to you but up to local municipal regulations, but usually it’s up to you, the homeowner.
Below we will list the five categories, or families of roofing products. Please note that the availability of these roofing products varies by region, so be sure to find out before you decide what options are available in your area.
The price of roofing products can also vary significantly, sometimes even within a certain category, so read our tips to make sure you get the best prices. Here’s an average price scale for your reference. Remember that prices vary widely depending on what you’re looking for and where you live.